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guides:connecting_windows_9x_to_the_internet [2019-11-16 05:38]
omolini [Dial-up Setup]
guides:connecting_windows_9x_to_the_internet [2020-03-05 00:09] (current)
omolini
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-====== Connect Windows 95/98/Me to the Internet with dial-up and Raspberry Pi ====== +====== Connect Windows 95/98/Me to the Internet with Virtual Modem ====== 
-This step-by-step guide will show you how to get a Windows 95/98/Me computer connected ​to Ethernet and the Internet ​using just a serial port and Virtual Modem software running on your Raspberry Pi host system ​or other system of choice. If you have not already, please follow the [[Guides:​Virtual Modem|instructions how to set up Virtual Modem]] as it is a prerequisite for this tutorial. Make sure the serial cable is connected ​to the Raspberry and the vmodem.sh script is running on it before attempting this part of the guide. You can manually run vmodem.sh to see what is happening on the console of the Raspberry Pi if you need to troubleshoot.+This tutorial ​will get a Windows 95/98/Me computer ​(//the client computer//​) ​connected ​on the network ​using only it'​s ​serial port and a [[Virtual Modem]] PPP interface ​software running on the Raspberry Pi (//​the ​host computer//​), ​or another host device running the virtual modem interface software. If you have not already, please follow the [[Guides:​Virtual Modem|instructions how to set up Virtual Modem]] as it is a prerequisite for this tutorial. Make sure the serial cable is connected ​between ​the Raspberry ​Pi and the Windows computer, and that the vmodem.sh script is running on it before attempting this part of the guide. ​
  
-You can connect to the Internet with the built-in ​dial-up functionality ​of Windows 95/98/Me, no network card needed. We will go through the steps how to set up a modem and then a dial-up connection on your Windows 95 (or later) computer. For the sake of completeness,​ we will then test the connection using Netscape Communicator 4.0, but you're free to use any web browser.+You can connect to the Internet with the built-in ​Dial-up Networking ("​DUN"​ for short) ​of Windows 95/98/Me, no network card needed. We will go through the steps how to set up a modem and then a dial-up connection on your Windows 95 (or later) computer. For the sake of completeness,​ we will then test the connection using Netscape Communicator 4.0, but you're free to use any web browser. ​
  
 Once again, please make sure you have [[Virtual Modem|VModem]] set up and running and a serial cable is connected between the Raspberry Pi and your Windows 9x computer before attempting the following steps. Once again, please make sure you have [[Virtual Modem|VModem]] set up and running and a serial cable is connected between the Raspberry Pi and your Windows 9x computer before attempting the following steps.
  
-<WRAP center round important 60%> +Dial-up Networking has been tested working with a clean install ​of **Windows 95 OSR 2.5 (4.00.950 C)****Windows 95 with DUN 1.4 update**, and  **Windows 98 Second Edition**.
-==== A work in progress! ==== +
-I am currently in the process ​of writing this guideAt it's current state the tutorial is in **BETA**. This message will be updated as I continue to work on this tutorial series. +
-</​WRAP>​+
  
 ===== Modem Setup ===== ===== Modem Setup =====
 +
 For you to connect to VModem running on your Raspberry Pi, you must first tell Windows 95 that you have a modem that you can use, and it is connected to your serial port on your computer and it is a Standard Modem. Once you've set up the modem, you can set up the dial-up connection. ​ For you to connect to VModem running on your Raspberry Pi, you must first tell Windows 95 that you have a modem that you can use, and it is connected to your serial port on your computer and it is a Standard Modem. Once you've set up the modem, you can set up the dial-up connection. ​
  
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-  * Under **Manufacturers**,​ select **(Standard Modem Types)**. Under **Models**, select **Standard 28800 bps Modem**.+  * Under **Manufacturers**,​ select **(Standard Modem Types)**. Under **Models**, select **Standard 28800 bps Modem**. You will be able to adjust the speed later to communicate faster than 28800 bps, but for now be sure to select this modem, because it is one of the modems supported by the script.
 {{ :​guides:​pics:​win95-modem-setup-5.png?​nolink |}} {{ :​guides:​pics:​win95-modem-setup-5.png?​nolink |}}
  
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-  * Some computers have several ​serial ​ports, usually labeled COM1 and COM2 in Windows. We will be using the first serial port COM1. If you have the Raspberry connected on any other port, make adjustments as necessary. ​+  * Some computers have more than one serial ​port, usually labeled COM1 and COM2 in Windows. We will be using the first serial port COM1. If you have the Raspberry connected on any other port, make adjustments as necessary. ​
   * Select the Serial COM port the Raspberry is connected to. If you've connected your Raspberry Pi via Serial cable to Serial Port 1 (COM1), select **Communications Port (COM1)**, then click Next:   * Select the Serial COM port the Raspberry is connected to. If you've connected your Raspberry Pi via Serial cable to Serial Port 1 (COM1), select **Communications Port (COM1)**, then click Next:
 {{ :​guides:​pics:​win95-modem-setup-6.png?​nolink |}} {{ :​guides:​pics:​win95-modem-setup-6.png?​nolink |}}
 +
 +----
 +
 +  * If you get a prompt for an area code, type in '​0'​ for now.
  
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 ===== Dial-up Setup ===== ===== Dial-up Setup =====
-Almost there! What we need to do next is tell Windows that there is a phone number you want to dial, and the modem you want to use is Raspberry Pi Virtual Modem. Go ahead and open up **Dial-Up Networking** from the **Start** menu:+Almost there! What we need to do next is tell Windows that there is a phone number you want to dial, and the modem you want to use is Raspberry Pi Virtual Modem. Go ahead and open up **Dial-Up Networking** from the **Start** menu
 + 
 +**Note!**  
 +  * If your computer is a clean Windows 95 install, Go to **Start** --> **Programs** --> **Accessories** --> **Dial-Up Networking** 
 +  * If your computer is Windows 95 with DUN update 1.4, or Windows 98 or newer, go to **Start** --> **Programs** --> **Accessories** --> **Communications** --> **Dial-Up Networking**
 {{ :​guides:​pics:​win95-dialup-setup-1.png?​nolink |}} {{ :​guides:​pics:​win95-dialup-setup-1.png?​nolink |}}
  
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-  * Inside the **Telephone number** box, type in the number **1**. ​Leave everything else to their defaults. **Country code** must match the country ​your computer locale ​has been set up to. Then click **Next >**+  * Inside the **Telephone number** box, type in the number **1**. ​Dialing **1** will execute the script **1.sh** on the Raspberry Pi, which by default initiates a PPP connection with the client (Windows 95) computer. 
 +  * **Country code** must match your computer'​s ​locale.  
 +  * Leave everything else to their defaults 
 +  * Then click **Next >**
 {{ :​guides:​pics:​win95-dialup-setup-4.png?​nolink |}} {{ :​guides:​pics:​win95-dialup-setup-4.png?​nolink |}}
  
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-  * **Congratulations!** ​Now you only need to connect! +  * **Congratulations!** ​This finishes the set up portion of this tutorial. ​ 
-  * Double click on the newly created dial-up connection. In our case it was **RasPiNet**+  * Double click on the newly created dial-up connection. In our case it was called ​**RasPiNet**
 {{ :​guides:​pics:​win95-dialup-setup-6.png?​nolink |}} {{ :​guides:​pics:​win95-dialup-setup-6.png?​nolink |}}
  
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-  * On your first connection, you should see bytes received and bytes sent. These are the IP address information ​that pppd sends over.+  * On your first connection, you should see some bytes received and sent. The initial data that was received from Raspberry is the pppd handshake, with the usual network configuration information.
 {{ :​guides:​pics:​win95-dialup-setup-11.png?​nolink |}} {{ :​guides:​pics:​win95-dialup-setup-11.png?​nolink |}}
  
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 ===== Troubleshooting ===== ===== Troubleshooting =====
 +
 +
 ==== Unable to connect on dial-up ==== ==== Unable to connect on dial-up ====
   * Make sure vmodem script is running on Raspberry Pi   * Make sure vmodem script is running on Raspberry Pi
 +  * Did you install the Generic 28800 modem? ​
 +  * Some computers are not capable of operating at fast serial speeds. If you're unable to connect at 57600 or faster, try slower speeds, such as 9600 baud at first. Adjust both the vmodem.sh script and the computer to connect at only 9600 baud. If that works, work your way up to see where the limit for your specific computer is.
 ==== Dial-up connects, but no websites open ==== ==== Dial-up connects, but no websites open ====
   * Most current websites do not support unencrypted HTTP connections. As far as I understand, old operating systems do no longer have valid certificates,​ and this prevents connections to most websites. You can still explore archived websites using a Wayback Proxy server. See the section [[guides:​connecting_windows_9x_to_the_internet#​Internet Access|Internet Access]] for more information.   * Most current websites do not support unencrypted HTTP connections. As far as I understand, old operating systems do no longer have valid certificates,​ and this prevents connections to most websites. You can still explore archived websites using a Wayback Proxy server. See the section [[guides:​connecting_windows_9x_to_the_internet#​Internet Access|Internet Access]] for more information.
   * If your dial-up connection works, but you're absolutely not able to open any website, even after setting up the proxy server, try checking your IP configuration. In Windows 95, 98 and Me you can view your settings by running **WINIPCFG** from the **Run dialog box**.   * If your dial-up connection works, but you're absolutely not able to open any website, even after setting up the proxy server, try checking your IP configuration. In Windows 95, 98 and Me you can view your settings by running **WINIPCFG** from the **Run dialog box**.
  
 +==== Video recap ====
 +  * Video illustrates all the required settings in a Windows 95 OSR 2.5 (Rev C) 486 PC with the DUN 1.4 update. {{youtube>​sdnn55wAmfs?​medium}} ​
  
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guides/connecting_windows_9x_to_the_internet.1573882693.txt.gz · Last modified: 2019-11-16 05:38 by omolini